Composition of the Parliament

Different countries today have different parliamentary systems. It means that parliamentsu2019 composition can differ from country to country depending on the governance and different governmental divisions. For instance, in the United Kingdom, the parliamentu2019s composition can be referred to as a Two-House System (UK Parliament, 2020a). The Two-House System parliamentary composition in the United Kingdom denotes that parliamentary businesses take place in two main houses; the House of Commons and the House of Lords. While the two houses have different roles and responsibilities, their work is identical to some extent. Both houses play a crucial role in the legislature, where they make laws. Besides that, they are also responsible for scrutinizing the preceding governmentu2019s work and debate on current issues that affect the United Kingdom.u00a0

The House of Commons.

The House of Commons is a lower parliamentary house and de facto primary chamber in the United Kingdom. An article by the UK Parliament (2020) states that u201cThe Commons is publicly elected. The party with the largest number of members in the Commons forms the government. Members of the Commons (MPs) debate the big political issues of the day and proposals for new laws. It is one of the key places where government ministers, like the Prime Minister and the Chancellor, and the principal figures of the main political parties, worku201d (para.4-5). In the United Kingdom, the House of Commons is solely responsible for making decisive decisions on the regionu2019s financial bills. For instance, when the UK government proposes financial bills such as those dealing with taxes, it is the House of Commonsu2019 sole responsibility to decide on them. Although the House of Lords can consider such financial bills, they lack the mandate to either amend or block the proposed bills.u00a0

In the United Kingdom, the public is responsible for electing the Members of Parliament that make up the House of Commons. The public elects 650 Members of Parliament that take up the responsibility of representing the publicu2019s interests and concerns. Some of the roles these elected Members of Parliament take include proposing new laws, considering proposed laws, and scrutinizing government processes and policies. They also debate on noteworthy political issues that directly affect the public.u00a0

The House of Lords.

While the House of Commons is the first chamber of the United Kingdomu2019s parliamentary system, the House of Lords makes up the second chamber. The House of Lordsu2019 main function is to make and shape laws while challenging the governmentu2019s existing work. Like the House of Commons, the House of Lords also scrutinizes the governmentu2019s processes and works to serve the publicu2019s interests. Members within this House spend a majority of their time considering proposed bills. However, both houses must consider and accept a proposed bill before it can be passed, thereby becoming law. Parliament (2020) reveals that the House of Lords encompasses Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal. Lords Spiritual entail u201cthe Archbishops of Canterbury and York, the Bishops of London, Durham and Winchester, and twenty-one other diocesan bishops of the Church of England according to seniority of appointment to diocesan seesu201d (Parliament, 2020, para.1). On the other hand, the article states that Lords Temporal encompass u201cLords created for life under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 (as amended) to serve as Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Life Peers created under the Life Peerages Act 1958, 90 Hereditary Peers elected under SO 9 or 10 pursuant to the House of Lords Act 1999, the Earl Marshal, and the Lord Great Chamberlainu201d (Parliament, 2020, para.1). Over the years, membership in the House of Lords is through heredity, appointment, or official function

Emmanuel Addo

Emmanuel Addo is the founder of the Young Global Leaders Network, an international non-governmental organization registered in six (6) countries namely, Ghana, United Kingdom, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan and has a membership strength of over 15,000 young black professionals, students, graduates, and aspiring leaders.

The organization also operates in 25 other African countries. Emmanuel also doubles as the chief convener and founder of the Young African Leaders Summit, one of the largest continental youth summits in Africa.  

Currently works at Kingston University as a Business Engagement Team Member in their Partnerships and Engagement Department. 

He characterizes energy, integrity, result-oriented, and ground-breaking service in each detail of strategic management, change management, stakeholder management, and leadership acquaintances.
Emmanuel owns a core background in Sociology and Psychology from the University of Ghana.

Leveraging his experience as a youth activist and a dynamic young man, Emmanuel founded the Young Global Leaders Network, a youth organization that comprises young diplomats, young politicians, and aspiring politicians, business/entrepreneurial business leaders with the aim of championing a mutual agenda for the African youth and promoting youth participation in governance as well as promoting entrepreneurial culture.
Emmanuel nurtures an environment of teamwork and has expertise in data collection and analysis as well as both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Emmanuel worked as an Associate Lecturer at the London College of Advanced Management where he delivered a wide range of business management courses that involved principles of marketing, leadership, operation management, and research methods. Emmanuel has always maintained high teaching and learning standards to ensure that his students’ stand out in academic achievements and successful progression. As a stout believer and passionate key player in volunteering; Emmanuel creates quality time to giving back gladly to his community what he has learned and to educate individuals with free consultancy on career development. He is a leader anyone would love to look up to and with great integrity, commitment, and passion to make the world a better place.
Emmanuel worked as Qualifications Manager at the Open University in the UK.

Emmanuel is also the founder of Kickstart Innovation Hub Ltd, the entrepreneurial hub of Young Global Leaders Network.