Forms of diplomatic negotiations

Bilateral Diplomatic Negotiations:

These are diplomatic negotiations that involve two countries or groups. Meerts (2015b) states that u201cBilateral diplomatic negotiations are relatively simple as far as structural complexity is concerned, but they can be difficult to handle if the positions of the parties are very polarized. These negotiations might be in need of third parties acting as facilitators or mediatorsu201d (p.1). The statement posits that bilateral diplomatic negotiations are linked with structural simplicity and polarization. Besides that, it often has a third party that acts as a mediator or facilitator.u00a0

Figure 4: Multilateral Diplomatic Negotiations Retrieved from: (Baku0131r, 2018)

Multilateral Diplomatic Negotiations:

Unlike bilateral diplomatic negotiations, multilateral diplomatic negotiations are not limited between two states. It demotes a diplomatic negotiation process between more than two international parties or countries. Often, the negotiation process between these parties is carried out simultaneously. Zartman (2009) reveals that while bilateral diplomatic negotiations have been used for over a century, multilateral diplomatic negotiations are a relatively novel form of negotiations. The term was coined in 1945 by the San Francisco Conference held by the United Nations. Over the years, large international conferences have employed multinational diplomatic negotiations, otherwise referred to as diplomatic legislation as an approach of conducting international relations.

Emmanuel Addo

Emmanuel Addo is the founder of the Young Global Leaders Network, an international non-governmental organization registered in six (6) countries namely, Ghana, United Kingdom, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan and has a membership strength of over 15,000 young black professionals, students, graduates, and aspiring leaders.

The organization also operates in 25 other African countries. Emmanuel also doubles as the chief convener and founder of the Young African Leaders Summit, one of the largest continental youth summits in Africa.  

Currently works at Kingston University as a Business Engagement Team Member in their Partnerships and Engagement Department. 

He characterizes energy, integrity, result-oriented, and ground-breaking service in each detail of strategic management, change management, stakeholder management, and leadership acquaintances.
Emmanuel owns a core background in Sociology and Psychology from the University of Ghana.

Leveraging his experience as a youth activist and a dynamic young man, Emmanuel founded the Young Global Leaders Network, a youth organization that comprises young diplomats, young politicians, and aspiring politicians, business/entrepreneurial business leaders with the aim of championing a mutual agenda for the African youth and promoting youth participation in governance as well as promoting entrepreneurial culture.
Emmanuel nurtures an environment of teamwork and has expertise in data collection and analysis as well as both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Emmanuel worked as an Associate Lecturer at the London College of Advanced Management where he delivered a wide range of business management courses that involved principles of marketing, leadership, operation management, and research methods. Emmanuel has always maintained high teaching and learning standards to ensure that his students’ stand out in academic achievements and successful progression. As a stout believer and passionate key player in volunteering; Emmanuel creates quality time to giving back gladly to his community what he has learned and to educate individuals with free consultancy on career development. He is a leader anyone would love to look up to and with great integrity, commitment, and passion to make the world a better place.
Emmanuel worked as Qualifications Manager at the Open University in the UK.

Emmanuel is also the founder of Kickstart Innovation Hub Ltd, the entrepreneurial hub of Young Global Leaders Network.