Figure 3: Diplomacy Retrieved from: (Miller, 2016)

Diplomatic negotiation is a common but relatively complex term. Over the years, scholars have developed various definitions of diplomatic negotiations. The basis of each negotiation is one description of the process and outcome of this type of negotiations. Meerts (2015a) reveals that there are over 161 different definitions for diplomatic negotiations, particularly the term ‘negotiation’. The study states that “In 115 of these, agreement is the issue that these definitions want to clarify, 71 definitions stress communication as the main factor to be analyzed, 64 focus on conflicting interests, and another 64 perceive negotiation from the point of view of elements such as process and behaviour” (Meerts, 2015a, p.20). For instance, Henry Kissinger states that negotiation is “a process of combining conflicting positions into a common position, under a decision rule of unanimity, a phenomenon in which the outcome is determined by the process” (Meerts, 2015a, p.20). Thus, this definition reveals that negotiation is much more than the combination of conflicting positions. It is basically the reflection of these conflicting needs in a conflicting position. While various scholars have given different definitions of the term ‘negotiations’ in attempts to define ‘diplomatic negotiations’, some have offered a direct definition of the term. For instance, Meerts (2015b) defines it as “exchange of concessions and compensations in a framework of international order accepted by sovereign entities” (p.1). The study further offers different types or forms of diplomatic negotiations

Emmanuel Addo

Emmanuel Addo is the founder of the Young Global Leaders Network, an international non-governmental organization registered in six (6) countries namely, Ghana, United Kingdom, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan and has a membership strength of over 15,000 young black professionals, students, graduates, and aspiring leaders.

The organization also operates in 25 other African countries. Emmanuel also doubles as the chief convener and founder of the Young African Leaders Summit, one of the largest continental youth summits in Africa.  

Currently works at Kingston University as a Business Engagement Team Member in their Partnerships and Engagement Department. 

He characterizes energy, integrity, result-oriented, and ground-breaking service in each detail of strategic management, change management, stakeholder management, and leadership acquaintances.
Emmanuel owns a core background in Sociology and Psychology from the University of Ghana.

Leveraging his experience as a youth activist and a dynamic young man, Emmanuel founded the Young Global Leaders Network, a youth organization that comprises young diplomats, young politicians, and aspiring politicians, business/entrepreneurial business leaders with the aim of championing a mutual agenda for the African youth and promoting youth participation in governance as well as promoting entrepreneurial culture.
Emmanuel nurtures an environment of teamwork and has expertise in data collection and analysis as well as both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Emmanuel worked as an Associate Lecturer at the London College of Advanced Management where he delivered a wide range of business management courses that involved principles of marketing, leadership, operation management, and research methods. Emmanuel has always maintained high teaching and learning standards to ensure that his students’ stand out in academic achievements and successful progression. As a stout believer and passionate key player in volunteering; Emmanuel creates quality time to giving back gladly to his community what he has learned and to educate individuals with free consultancy on career development. He is a leader anyone would love to look up to and with great integrity, commitment, and passion to make the world a better place.
Emmanuel worked as Qualifications Manager at the Open University in the UK.

Emmanuel is also the founder of Kickstart Innovation Hub Ltd, the entrepreneurial hub of Young Global Leaders Network.