Introduction: Definition and scope of Conflict

Conflict is defined as a discordance between two or more parties. Resolution on the other hand means solving or sorting out a matter. International conflict is defined as the opposition in needs, interests and values between two or more nation states that result in them expressing hostility towards each other. International conflict resolution is the process of eradicating tension and addressing issues between states to ensure sustained peace which is crucial for development and progress (Furlong, 2005). Conflict often involves the element of obstruction when one party get in the way of the other party obtaining or achieving desirable outcomes. Additionally, either parties could be trying to impose their views, opinions and desires on the opposing party in an effort to achieve dominance over each other. Due to elements such as human interactions and relationships, conflict is an inevitable aspect of our day to day lives.


There are three levels of conflict namely the micro level which encompasses conflict between individuals and small groups, the meso level which focuses on conflict in groups, communities and in institutions, and the macro level of conflict which looks at conflict in societies at large (Furlong, 2005). International and state level conflicts fall under the macro level of conflict. It is important to note that international conflict does not always necessarily mean conflict between or among states. Conflict could also be inside a particular nationu2019s borders and it is considered an international conflict if it poses a threat to international peace, does not adhere to universal frameworks of peace and security and violates human and legal rights.


Conflict is not without a source and as such, there are several possible sources of conflict between states. These sources include terrorism, production and deployment of nuclear and chemical weapons, disagreements around international policies, conflict around economic resources as well as territorial or boundary disputes. Conflicts have the potential to cause unprecedented disruption and destruction to overall development efforts. The effects of conflict cut across political, economic and social spheres resulting in devastating effects such as disintegration of societies, destabilization of governments, increased human suffering, slow or stagnated development because conflicts discourage investments, abuse and violation of human rights, increased poverty levels and loss of life.

Emmanuel Addo

Emmanuel Addo is the founder of the Young Global Leaders Network, an international non-governmental organization registered in six (6) countries namely, Ghana, United Kingdom, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan and has a membership strength of over 15,000 young black professionals, students, graduates, and aspiring leaders.

The organization also operates in 25 other African countries. Emmanuel also doubles as the chief convener and founder of the Young African Leaders Summit, one of the largest continental youth summits in Africa.  

Currently works at Kingston University as a Business Engagement Team Member in their Partnerships and Engagement Department. 

He characterizes energy, integrity, result-oriented, and ground-breaking service in each detail of strategic management, change management, stakeholder management, and leadership acquaintances.
Emmanuel owns a core background in Sociology and Psychology from the University of Ghana.

Leveraging his experience as a youth activist and a dynamic young man, Emmanuel founded the Young Global Leaders Network, a youth organization that comprises young diplomats, young politicians, and aspiring politicians, business/entrepreneurial business leaders with the aim of championing a mutual agenda for the African youth and promoting youth participation in governance as well as promoting entrepreneurial culture.
Emmanuel nurtures an environment of teamwork and has expertise in data collection and analysis as well as both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Emmanuel worked as an Associate Lecturer at the London College of Advanced Management where he delivered a wide range of business management courses that involved principles of marketing, leadership, operation management, and research methods. Emmanuel has always maintained high teaching and learning standards to ensure that his students’ stand out in academic achievements and successful progression. As a stout believer and passionate key player in volunteering; Emmanuel creates quality time to giving back gladly to his community what he has learned and to educate individuals with free consultancy on career development. He is a leader anyone would love to look up to and with great integrity, commitment, and passion to make the world a better place.
Emmanuel worked as Qualifications Manager at the Open University in the UK.

Emmanuel is also the founder of Kickstart Innovation Hub Ltd, the entrepreneurial hub of Young Global Leaders Network.