Parliamentary Models

A. Supra-National Parliaments

Supra-national parliaments denote a form of governmental rule such as institutions entailing sovereign states. Other scholars define supra-national parliaments as a form of intergovernmental organization with legislative powers, thereby forming a hybrid system containing both intergovernmental and supranationalism. In retrospect, the basis of supra-national parliaments is a parliamentary system that has an organizational-level legislature. In this parliamentary model, there are strategic branches established to provide representation for citizens. These branches may be inclusive of members within the national legislature or various elect parties. They play a crucial role in strengthening the supra-national parliament. While this parliamentary model seems to have several advantages, supra-national parliaments are not particularly common in most countries.

B. Inter-Parliamentary Assemblies

Inter-parliamentary assemblies are institutions entailing various parties that form the legislature, for instance, assemblies, the parliament, and the assembly. Inter-parliamentary assemblies fall within intergovernmental organizations meaning that they are formed with the main objective being the provision of representation for citizens. Therefore, this reveals that there are similarities between supra-national parliaments and inter-parliamentary assemblies. However, unlike supra-national parliaments, inter-parliamentary does not have any legislative power. Nevertheless, they help in consultation through informal cooperative and stimulating role. When inter-parliamentary assemblies opt to operate as a hybrid system, they function within both intergovernmental and supranationalism. Therefore, when inter-parliamentary assemblies act as hybrid systems, they are granted legislative power.u00a0

Emmanuel Addo

Emmanuel Addo is the founder of the Young Global Leaders Network, an international non-governmental organization registered in six (6) countries namely, Ghana, United Kingdom, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan and has a membership strength of over 15,000 young black professionals, students, graduates, and aspiring leaders.

The organization also operates in 25 other African countries. Emmanuel also doubles as the chief convener and founder of the Young African Leaders Summit, one of the largest continental youth summits in Africa.  

Currently works at Kingston University as a Business Engagement Team Member in their Partnerships and Engagement Department. 

He characterizes energy, integrity, result-oriented, and ground-breaking service in each detail of strategic management, change management, stakeholder management, and leadership acquaintances.
Emmanuel owns a core background in Sociology and Psychology from the University of Ghana.

Leveraging his experience as a youth activist and a dynamic young man, Emmanuel founded the Young Global Leaders Network, a youth organization that comprises young diplomats, young politicians, and aspiring politicians, business/entrepreneurial business leaders with the aim of championing a mutual agenda for the African youth and promoting youth participation in governance as well as promoting entrepreneurial culture.
Emmanuel nurtures an environment of teamwork and has expertise in data collection and analysis as well as both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Emmanuel worked as an Associate Lecturer at the London College of Advanced Management where he delivered a wide range of business management courses that involved principles of marketing, leadership, operation management, and research methods. Emmanuel has always maintained high teaching and learning standards to ensure that his students’ stand out in academic achievements and successful progression. As a stout believer and passionate key player in volunteering; Emmanuel creates quality time to giving back gladly to his community what he has learned and to educate individuals with free consultancy on career development. He is a leader anyone would love to look up to and with great integrity, commitment, and passion to make the world a better place.
Emmanuel worked as Qualifications Manager at the Open University in the UK.

Emmanuel is also the founder of Kickstart Innovation Hub Ltd, the entrepreneurial hub of Young Global Leaders Network.